What are hospital grade level disinfectants?
A product cannot make a claim against an organism without testing it and obtaining EPA approval of the data. Hospital disinfectants are EPA-registered for use in hospitals, clinics, dental offices, and other medical facilities, and must kill microorganisms often found in healthcare, including S. aureus, S. enterica and P. aeruginosa.
Disinfectants can combat against:
By definition, disinfectant formulas must be registered with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Always refer to the products specific manufacturer directions and claims when selecting a disinfectant.
Types of Disinfectant Solutions:
- Chemical disinfectants can be split into two broad groups, oxidizing and nonoxidizing. Oxidizing disinfectants include the halogens, chlorine, iodine, bromine, and chlorine dioxide, and oxygen-releasing materials such as peracetic acid and hydrogen peroxide.
- Botanical disinfectants are safe and effective for maintaining an environment free from dangerous bacteria and viruses. These are non-corrosive, non-flammable, and non-abrasive. They can disinfect without the dangers of any toxic chemicals. The idea behind using botanical products for cleaning is to use something that is free from bleach, phosphate, chlorine, and other harsh chemicals.
Most chemicals produce VOCs (volatile organic compounds). Some aggressive disinfectants that are used produce very harmful VOCs. Disinfectants and other cleaners, while they may kill viruses and bacteria, may also be harmful to the user because of the harsh ingredients.
Commonly used disinfectants may have a warning on the label that they may cause “respiratory illness or irritation”. They require the user to have PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) while using the products. Botanical disinfectants are generally safe to use with common sense and no PPE.
Key Criteria to Look for When Selecting a Disinfectant:
- KILL CLAIMS: Can the product kill a broad spectrum of pathogens, including fungi, bacteria, enveloped and non-enveloped viruses? Will it kill the pathogens required by your application? Read the product data sheet, specification sheet and safety data sheet.
- CONTACT TIME: For disinfectants to be effective, they must remain wet on the surface for their entire contact time. Look for products with a short contact time, since products with long contact times, like quat alcohols, can evaporate before disinfection is achieved, requiring reapplication.
- PERSONAL SAFETY: Some disinfectants can cause skin and/or respiratory irritation. Make sure you have the appropriate PPE to protect yourself when using the disinfectant.
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